The doctrine of informed consent gives Ohio patients the right to make proper medical choices. As a patient, you should know what you are getting into when you agree to medical treatment. If you consent to a treatment without being properly informed about risks or alternatives and the outcome harms you, you may have a case of medical malpractice against your health care provider.

Per Forbes, the American Medical Association describes the six basic parts of informed consent. Your physician should provide you with a diagnosis of your condition if a diagnosis is known. You should also be told about the nature and purpose of the medical procedure or treatment your physician recommends. Risks and benefits should be relayed to you; you must know how a treatment can help you but also how it may cause harm.

Patients should also be told if there are other treatments or procedures available. Discussing these alternatives involves talking about the risks and benefits these alternate treatments offer. If you are contemplating not having any treatment at all, part of informed consent is being told of any drawbacks and benefits presented by letting your condition go untreated.

There are instances when informed consent is not needed to approve a treatment. Guardians or parents can make medical decisions for minors in their care. Guardians of people with dementia or other mental impairments can also make medical decisions on their behalf. Sometimes it is not feasible to acquire informed consent, like in emergency situations where you might be unconscious and need life-saving care immediately.

If you feel you have not been given full information about your medical options, you should take it seriously. Failure to provide informed consent when appropriate is considered a form of medical malpractice, specifically battery and negligence. Do not read this article as a substitute for the legal counsel of an attorney. Denied informed consent can happen in many ways, so only read this article as information on this topic.